A learning model is a system composed of you rule, strategies and methodologies to follow to acquire or to increase the learning.
INDEX OF CONTENTS
A learning model is each methodology composed of characteristics, strategies, and you rule own that have been designed with the aim of orienting the learning process correctly.
These models have tried to respond to an historical necessity in the scope of the learning: how to harness the learning, which are the factors of motivation and the considerations at the time of the evaluation.
Models of learning that arise from the Theories of Learning
The traditional model
It is the model of older learning and proposed that the educational one molded to the student by means of the progressive transmission of the information and that the student is a page in target whose function is to receive and to memorise the information without questioning it, since its learning derives from the knowledge and experience of its professor. To extend information in the theories of the learning.
In the traditional model two approaches are distinguished:
Encyclopedic approach: the professor is a specialist in the matter and the transmission of the information is sufficient so that the student learns.
Comprehensive approach: the educational one is the one who includes the structure of the matter and when transmitting it the students will understand it in the same degree that he.
This model is considered dangerous, because if the educational one adulterates the information, the students will describe and apply as precise, erroneous concepts.
It is a scheme of learning very planned, rigorous and meticulous that contemplates the resources that will give as result a learning well-defined.
Difference of the traditional model in which it incorporates conceptual procedural and audio-visual methods and not only, apart from which he is more rigorous.
The roll of the educational one is one very passive one, because it will execute a programming developed by external experts and therefore the professor is perfectly replaceable
The position of the student also is passive, there is no place for the initiative nor the creativity and it estimates them castable through reinforcements of conduct and prizes.
The pedagogical programming is uniform and homogenous, because it leaves from the generalization and it does not fit the improvisation nor the initiative on the part of the student.
The activities are oriented to the schellostic yield, where average prevails the student and it does not value the diversity of rates, nor of the activities, because all must do the same.
For the conductista model the student must acquire the knowledge, but always guided or lead by a professor.
This model is oriented to the personal competitions of each student, that is to say, it is not system the applied or educational the one that fails, simply are enabled students more than others, leaving with few options the last ones.
The interactive one is one of the more interesting models of learning, since it concentrates in the student and it promotes his participation and continuous reflection through activities that cause the dialogue, the collaboration, the construction of the knowledge and the development of abilities and attitudes.
The activities are motivating and with degree of challenge with the aim of deepening in the knowledge, to develop abilities search of the information, as well as, capacity to analyze it, to synthesize it and to solve problems.
The activities or will be structured, but adaptable to the characteristics of the group and individual level and they will be possible to be developed simultaneously in actual or virtual spaces or both, and implies group and individual work.
This model is based on the gradual construction of the knowledge, which is obtained to assimilate and to adapt the new information from related preexisting knowledge.
constructivist learning the student is not only a information recorder, is the constructor of his mental structure.For the
A differentiating characteristic of this model is the space granted to the possibility of the error. Here the error is part of the process and an opportunity to be creative from them.
The Constructivist model extraction to the educational one of its paper of simple transmitter of information and locates it as a designer of strategies that allow that the student empodere of their learning.
The main critic to this model, is that it gives by fact that the student wants to learn, reduces value to the required effort and the memory used in the learning.
The democratic model establishes that the students make the process learn and the learning to the student and which this premise is not basic and valid for all. Also it proposes that there are many forms to learn without needing the intervention of an educational one, which will only take part when it is asked for to him.
This model is oriented to adolescent children and by means of the development of group activities, because it considers that the individual education harms the student.
The educational one will have to design strategies that promote values, attitudes and the development of abilities as: the capacity of analysis and synthesis, communication.
The base of the learning in this model is the creation of projects. The projects established by the educational one must wake up the interest and the curiosity around the proposed projects.
It must as objective develop to the potentialities and research abilities of the student and who the conclusions have their origin in the experiences of each participant.
The learning is based, essentially, in specific and real situations and the resolution of problems through daily methods. This model locates to the pupil within a sociocultural context so that it acquires abilities and it develops competitions while it solves problems and it meets challenges being worth of the colectivity.
The designed activities in this model look for to promote the colectivity, the cooperation and the work in equipment effectively.
As characteristic characteristic promulgates that the learning is developed in social contexts. For the located scheme, the learning has its base in three basic conditions: property, participation and praxis.
And immediately than to comment, we hoped that it has served this article to you on the models as learning.
Timoteo has studies in psychology and teaching, reason why it has collaborated with different social projects from education and psychology. He has developed his work especially in Galicia (Spain).
At the moment he writes in the Web that you are reading (Styles of Learning) with the purpose of to disclose the knowledge acquired during his time of study.