The theory of the constructivist learning or constructivism maintains that the human being constructs knowledge being based on the surroundings that surround to him. In addition, it considers the knowledge previously acquired, with the main objective to obtain a process of optimal adaptation and well-being.
Due to the individuality that the human being characterizes, we digested the knowledge of very particular way. Since each human being when learning something new, assimilates it being based on his previous experiences, realising mental schemes for his own understanding.
INDEX OF CONTENTS
Important authors in the Development of the theory of the Constructivist Learning
The origins of the constructivist learning are focused in certain individuals, which are:
- Jean Piaget, who speaks to us of the theory of developmental psychology.
- Lev S. Vygotsky, theory of the social constructivism.
- Jerome Bruner, mental theory of the learning by discovery.
- David Paul Ausubel, theory of the significant learning.
The characters who we finished mentioning were important protagonists in the development of the theory of the constructivist learning, although they never self-proclaimed themselves constructivist.
This is due to that they went contributing to the world his investigations and results obtained on this subject, being based on theories previously discovered.
Structure used for the interaction with the Students
Due to the approach that the constructivist learning has in relation to the students, the pedagogy used by the educational ones is due to consider. Next one will be that structure that must use the educational one for the interaction with the student:
- It accepts and it impels the particularitity and initiative of the student.
- It recognizes that each individual retains information of unique way.
- The material USA or manipulable elements for the information retention.
- The USA mental definitions as: to think, to create, to deduce, among others.
- It owns and it foments the ability to investigate or to deepen information.
- It monitors and it evaluates the learning process, generating evaluations.
This structure that uses the educational ones, is used in diverse areas, as much in primary education, as in secondary and even university. It is possible to be shelp that the constructivist learning is the way in which the human being catches or retains information.
Which at present is extremely valuable. Since knowledge for the development of technologies are contributed there, structures, sciences, social welfare, among others.
Basic characteristicses of the constructivist learning
This model of learning has as an aim to present the origins and the nature the knowledge of the human being. To the being the naturally active learning, certain distinctive features of the same can be enunciated:
- The constructivist surroundings offer multiple perspective of the reality.
- The diverse perspective of the real world, set out the complexity.
- This one focuses in constructing knowledge based on experiences.
- It does not follow a series of instructions.
- The constructivist learning is originated with experiences of the daily life.
- The process of learning of each person is molded to convenience.
- It even varies in the same person by his personal circumstance or mood.
- The mental schemes of each individual are unique.
Importance of the constructivism
The constructivist model has been misinterpreted as the learning of free will of the students, whom it has as intention acquires knowledge with own freedom. What means that the professors would not participate in the education process.
Nevertheless, it is an erroneous perspective. This approach between student and professor, brings with himself a debate, which has the purpose of obtaining an optimal learning for both.
Benefits and approach
The constructivist learning has as main approach, the learning centered in the students. As well, the human being to the peculiar being by nature, the knowledge becomes general and he does not own sorts, nor race some.
Next, one will announce the diverse benefits that can be obtained from the constructivist learning:
- One focuses in the knowledge of the student.
- One adapts to the student and the needs of the knowledge, according to the context.
- From complete way, it takes into account his attitudes, beliefs and interests.
- One corroborates the previous knowledge of the student.
- It assures the knowledge permanently.
- Help to the analysis and resolution of conflicts and stimulates the autonomy.
- It realises concise and flexible schemes of learning experiences.
- It stimulates and it urges the analysis, on the resolution of problems.
Gonz¡lez, Fredy (1998). About the Constructivism. Document in line.
Dorys Ortiz Farm (2015). The constructivism as theory and method of education.
M Payer (2005). Theory of the social constructivism of Lev Vygotsky in comparison with the Jean Piaget theory.
Ernest Von Glasersfeld (1981). Introduction to the radical constructivism, in the invented reality.
Timoteo has studies in psychology and teaching, reason why it has collaborated with different social projects from education and psychology. He has developed his work especially in Galicia (Spain).
At the moment he writes in the Web that you are reading (Styles of Learning) with the purpose of to disclose the knowledge acquired during his time of study.